are used for road construction. Hence Copper slag can be utilized as sand replacement material without affecting the durability properties of concrete. So far, many studies have been conducted to determine the properties of copper slag in blasting operations. The paper presents a laboratory study on CEM-II concrete mixes, containing water-cooled copper slag waste material for a … Also, the cost of extracting good quality of natural material is increasing. Copper Slag Abrasive is a dynamic abrasive media frequently used in new steel and steel maintenance applications. Based on the current U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations governing solid waste characteristics, the slag can be classified as nonhazardous. Properties: Copper has a melting point of 1083.4 +/- 0.2°C, boiling point of 2567°C, specific gravity of 8.96 (20°C), with a valence of 1 or 2. 590 -0.08 l The slag, produced at the American Smelting and Refining Company (ASARCO) plant in El Paso, Texas, is a by-product of refining copper ore in oil-fired reverberatory furnaces. endstream Copper Slag is a by-product produced in the manufacturer of copper. Fly ash is tested and the properties are compared with each other. The slag, produced at the American Smelting and Refining Company (ASARCO) plant in El Paso, Texas, is a by-product of refining copper ore in oil-fired reverberatory furnaces. We are one of the leading Manufacturer, Exporter, Importer and Supplier of Copper Slag, Fly Ash, Micro Silica, Garnet Sand Abrasive and much more. How copper conducts Copper is a metal made up of copper atoms closely packed together. Copper slag can be used as a potential alternative to coarse aggregate/fine aggregate used in concrete and mortars R R Chavan & D B Kulkarni(2013) has investigated the performance of high strength concrete (HSC) made with copper slag as a … When used in this manner, the slag helps to improve the properties of the concrete, and also serves as a form of recycling. To determine the efficiency of copper slag as blasting agent, meaning (1) area cleaned per hour, and (2) abrasive consumption for cleaning the reference surface, Kambham et al. edge of the slag properties. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. blue which is the color of sky and ocean. Further, Copper Slag is also used in the production of cement, mortar and concrete as a raw material for clinker, cement replacement, coarse and fine aggregates. Order URL: Publication of this paper sponsored by Committee on Mineral Aggregates. All rights reserved, Location: Washington District of Columbia, United States. Toxicity tests on the slag for possible groundwater pollution are also included. Manufacturer's Name PT. Table 9: Performance of slag cements prepared by using 35% copper slag at different fineness. Many research works have are used for road construction. Further, Copper Slag is also used in the production of cement, mortar, and concrete as a raw material for clinker, cement replacement, coarse and fine aggregates. 3 0 obj The 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations 08/25/2015 MineralTech CP Copper Slag 2/7 First-aid measures after inhalation : IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a … Copper is reddish colored and takes a bright metallic luster. Natural materials being exhaustible in nature, its quantity is declining gradually. An environmental risk assessment (leaching and solubilization testes) showed that copper slag does not pose any risks to human health or to the environment, thus being classified as noninnert. Copper slag which is an industrial waste product can be used as replacement for cement with sand and contributes to the increase in various mechanical properties of concrete. Processed air-cooled and granulated copper slag has a number of favourable mechanical properties for aggregate use, including excellent soundness characteristics and good abrasion resistance. Collectively, these materials make up slag, which can be used for a surprising number of applications in the building and industrial fields. <>stream Copper slag properties in reverberatory furnace smelting, flash smelting, and other processes are similar. Environmental impacts of the use of differ-ent aggregates in CIR mixes were evaluated by the toxicity charac-teristic leaching procedure (TCLP) test. In this paper we deals with the fresh and hardened properties of the fly ash based geopolymer concrete with copper slag. An environmental risk assessment (leaching and solubilization testes) showed that copper slag does not pose any risks to human health or to the environment, thus being classified as noninnert. M30 grade of concrete has been designed with a constant water–cement ratio as 0.4. Observation and Analysis: Chemical analysis of granulated blast furnace and copper slag are given in Table 1. The results of laboratory tests on this slag have been compared with the representative values obtained for sands. 2. <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]>>/Parent 15 0 R/Group<>/Annots[]/Type/Page/Tabs/S>> Copper slag is a voluminous waste material obtained during the manufacturing of copper (matte smelting process). The results indicate that granulated blast furnace slag conforms to all the requirements of Indian Standard Specification IS: 12089-1987 for the manufacture of PSC unlike copper slag. Copper Slag has similar properties to sand, and is a very effective substitute during monsoon (rainy) season. This paper reports on an experimental program to investigate the effect of using copper slag as a replacement of fine aggregate on the strength properties. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. Air-cooled and quenched slags are the outcomes of different cooling rates applied during the production of copper. If we could look closely enough, we would see that there are electrons moving about between the copper atoms. 5 0 obj The use of Copper Slag (CS) in concrete provides environmental as well as economic benefits for all industries, mainly in areas where a large amount of CS is produced. 1 1 1 rg Low cost expendable abrasive material suited for open blast cleaning. Copper slag is a by-product created during the copper smelting and refining process. Spent CS is a reuse material from its application as an abrasive. Beyond which more voids and capillary channels appear in the microstructure of the concrete , . Concerned about this, the scientists are looking for alternative materials for highway construction, and industrial waste product is one such category. <>stream Some of the properties of copper slag are favourable for use as aggregate in … It has threefold advantage in concrete like reduce the cost of The geotechnical properties include sieve analysis, specific gravity, maximum and minimum dry unit weights, angle of shearing resistance, one-dimensional compressibility, and permeability. The geotechnical properties of a copper slag are presented. endstream The effect of copper slag on the flexural properties of … [] 0 d After the wearing process, copper slag retains most of its original properties, and remaining an environmental problem. 0 4.9199 m The effect of copper slag on the flexural properties of … Terms of Use and Privacy Statement, http://onlinepubs.trb.org/Onlinepubs/trr/1983/941/941-001.pdf, https://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?title=GEOTECHNICAL+PROPERTIES+OF+A+COPPER+SLAG&author=B.+Das&author=A.+Tarquin&author=A.+Jones&publication_year=1983, 62nd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board. Production of one ton of copper approximately Find a library where document is available. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. endobj It is malleable, ductile, and a good conductor of electricity and heat. Copper slag is a by-product material produced from the process of manufacturing copper. Properties of Matter - Physical and Chemical Properties. Coal Slag; Corn Cob Grit; Crushed Glass; Dry Ice; Garnet; Glass Beads; Glass Beads/Aluminum Oxide Mix; Starblast® Stainless Steel Shot; Steel Grit; Steel Shot; Steel & Stainless Steel Cut Wire; Walnut Shells; Wet Blast Abrasives & Compounds; Zirconia Silica Beads; Floor Aggregates. Copper slag used in this work was brought from Sterlite Industries Ltd, Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu, India. Characterization of slag: the chilean case Some properties of a typical copper slag are shown in Table I, and it can be observed that air-cooled copper slag has a black colour and glassy appearance. Ebonygrit is a disposable high-density blasting slag made from a by-product of copper production. Skip to main content.sg. The comparison shows that the values of the slag are similar to those obtained for medium sands, and it can be used as a construction material in place of sand, such as backfill of retaining walls and landfill for construction of shallow foundations. affecting the durability properties of concrete. Properties of Swedish Blue Slag. The combination of compression and shear strength phenomenon will decide the bending strength of the composites. It has been found that copper slag have micro pozzolanic effect in the study. 2. Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. properties of the mixes. Blue color is also considered to be the color of sincerity, inspiration, spirituality, sleep and twilight. During smelting, impurities become slag which floats on the molten metal. Box 555 Gresik 61151 Jawa Timur - Indonesia Telephone Number : 62-31-397-6458/59 Fax Number : 62-31-397-6460 Table 4: Physical Properties of Copper Slag S. No. As the percentage of copper slag increases workability increases. A typical smelting slag contains approximately 30–45% FeO, 30–40% SiO2, 5–10% Al 2 O 3, 2–6% CaO, and 2–4% MgO (Kokal, 2006). Copper slag is a by-product of copper extraction by smelting. if the slag could be used econonically in congtruction so that the aesthetic and environ¡nental problerns assocíatetl with slag Copper. q /QQAPGS576a60d3 gs Introduction Traditionally soil, stone aggregates, sand, bitumen, cement etc. Playing next. lead a study in 2005, at the New Orleans University, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering. physical and chemical properties of copper slag. Physical And Chemical Properties Of Copper Slag. �����q�{~�|�{�5ꈃ�qט�~w�%�UA�5~1�)��e��t�nf`��jrW�o���׏_��}�Yy*Ûp&7E9ڡ�5��>�˻z��ОT׋ ���;X��>C�p�]�=R����́�Hw8$�5����!Ez��:��'P[,aJz*�mz`A��WO%�ܬ� Y���t���Ԃ� 1Ě�vu�\���*׾(�v���nx=l� OjK��: ��}�6p"d�}T�� �{X��۹�-�� �����>�+�r��&ΑqL��������3�j�n�*nӯ Q All Rights Reserved. Background 2.1. 0 2.1585 2.2385 -0.08 5 -0.08 c Physical and chemical properties of copper slag are presented in Table 1. Fig. The main objective of the present study is to quantify the influence of important factors such as fly ash, dolime content and curing period on the strength and stiffness characteristics of copper slag. properties of the mixes. The unit weight of copper slag is somewhat higher than that of conventional aggregate. The geotechnical properties of a copper slag are presented. endobj GEOTECHNICAL PROPERTIES OF A COPPER SLAG. Figure 1 shows the slag has been presented in figure 2. q Abrasive blasting is used to clean and shape the surface of metal, stone, concrete and other materials. The concrete batches with copper slag addition presented greater mechanical and durability performance. Smelting Gresik Smelter and Refinery Address Desa Roomo, Kecamatan Manyar PO. The property of toughness is vital for copper and copper alloys in the modern world. Copper slag is a by-product of copper extraction by smelting.During smelting, impurities become slag which floats on the molten metal. MineralTech CP Copper Slag Safety Data Sheet Prepared according to Federal Register / Vol. x��Gv17]��0�h�*3kuLL�-�Z(�jjd�4�"�؄ 6� ��O>��לo�|YUhRs�KV�o߲�x������z�j�X��bqX�.t�ŕo���~��������Yl��X��ϟ?���rQ��/�/./U���CS6y�.^^���:�_Xd��gu�w]�������1[��a�b����͐���b�:[���bw��Y����on7��� ��ר+��5�x�����ϴ���7����O6����x|s�nz?�t�ʝ�&��م>���L��o�2���'vaL^ 0Fc���ۼ*�U@`��~��mf���*���W�M..��r��l�Mvg�. It does not pose any … Characterization of slag: the chilean case Some properties of a typical copper slag are shown in Table I, and it can be observed that air-cooled copper slag has a black colour and glassy appearance. The specific gravity varies with iron content, from 2.8 to 3.8. The slag serves as a fine, or binding agent, which helps hold the larger gravel particles within the concrete together. No. If these materials can be suitably utilized in highway construction, the pollution and disposal problems may be partly redu… Typically, the majority of its composition is iron oxide and silicon dioxide, formed when molten slag … 1 — General process diagram for copper slag production Table 1 — Properties of aggregates and CS Properties Unit Method of test Test value Properties of coarse aggregate Bulk specific gravity -- IS: 2386(I) 2.68 Apparent specific gravity -- IS: 2386(I) 2.72 Impact Value % … The combination of compression and shear strength phenomenon will decide the bending strength of the composites. As refineries draw metal out of copper ore, they produce a large volume of non-metallic dust, soot, and rock. Non-magnetic. strength properties and effects of copper slag as partial replacement of fine aggregate in concrete. Slag is the glass-like by-product left over after a desired metal has been separated (i.e., smelted) from its raw ore.Slag is usually a mixture of metal oxides and silicon dioxide.However, slags can contain metal sulfides and elemental metals. �̸GB5k�|J�xHav�@ԓ0� D�j$D��2~��%L�܆��� ��QƸ��D)�Y�e��� ծ�ʇ����]W����5x@�9�-�651�{`�ͬ;-�`�[f��-H���)��i�&. copper slag as a substitution replacement material of sand. Six copper slag and 2 coal slag abrasive products from 6 different suppliers were selected for evaluation. Report. 592.7614 -0.08 595 2.1585 595 4.9199 c copfÞr-slag, which has a black, shiny appearancen is partially crushed to stnaller particle sizes and Ls stockpiled after the refining process. The specific gravity varies with iron content, from 2.8 to 3.8. The bending properties of the composite were performed using the three-point bending test. Hello Select your address All Hello, Sign in. 4 0 obj Preliminary Investigation physical and chemical properties of various materials as cement, fine aggregate, coarse aggregate, copper slag. 2. Copper Slag Abrasive. For every ton of copper production, about 2.2 tons of copper slag is generated. Today I’m going to be shared about “Project Report on Copper Slag in Concrete” With advantages and disadvantages of copper slag in concrete so let’s get started. 595 836.92 l It is second only to silver as an electrical conductor. This paper presents the results of an experimental investigation on the properties of concrete using copper slag as partial replacement of fine aggregate. The unit weight of copper slag is somewhat higher than that of conventional aggregate. Copper slag (CS) Copper slag (CS) is a by-product from matte smelting and refin-ing of copper [14]. Environmental impacts of the use of differ-ent aggregates in CIR mixes were evaluated by the toxicity charac-teristic leaching procedure (TCLP) test. The Two different types of concrete grades M30 & M40 were used with different percentage of copper slag replacement from 0 to 100 percentages. 3.4. They do not shatter when they are dropped or become brittle when cooled below 0°C. Copper slag is an industrial by-product material produced from the process of manufacturing copper. %PDF-1.4 %������� 2 0 obj Each copper atom has lost one electron and become a positive ion. Its bulk density and angular shape give it an aggressiveness that provides clean, fast-cutting action, considerably increasing production rates. Traditionally soil, stone aggregates, sand, bitumen, cement etc. Triplicate six-inch (15-centimeter) by six-inch (15-centimeter) panels were blasted to SSPC-SP 5, White Metal, using each test abrasive and the G-40 Table 3.2 presents the wide-range chemical composition of copper slag from different sources. Coarse aggregate consists of crushed stone aggregate of 20 mm. Further, Copper Slag is also used in the production of cement, mortar, and concrete as a raw material for clinker, cement replacement, coarse and fine aggregates. Copper slag is mainly used for surface blast-cleaning. Copper slag can be used up to 30% but when used ahead of 50% results in decrease in strengths. Copper slag, which is the waste material produced in the extraction process of copper metal in refinery plants, has low cost and its application as a fine aggregate in concrete production have many environmental benefits such as waste recycling and solves disposal problems. In this paper, the effects of using copper slag wastes on hydration, gelling properties, mechanical properties, pozzolanic activity and durability aspects of concrete are studied.. Cart All. Copper slag: Copper slag is an industrial by-product material or waste produced during the process of copper smelting and refining of copper. neering properties of copper slag–flyash-polime mix and its utilization in base course of flexible pavements [7–9]. Copper slag is the waste material of matte smelting and refining of copper such that each ton of copper generates approximately 2.5 tons of copper slag. Manufacturer Information. ��h���x��=Ҭ�|^.mP6�hE�3���K��8(eG4T��)��KEmy�/��R� 3Um���1�����Zw�e�x`ت���$`��"�~K}����L����]��5��xV���9�-�&8U��7&����%���������F2��eiy����Im�(Տ�;ODx;�ں� �?�4$��Ɔ^�F��� Copper slag is one of the materials that is considered as a industrial waste which can be used in construction Industry. {:��u����������'�b� 1 1 1 RG In this paper, the effects of using copper slag wastes as a supplementary cementitious material on mechanical properties and durability aspects of concrete are studied. �mO�����ȍ]�\/���Я��u���й�[�;��|qE;0e^>��g�g���=l�Ϻ�m���*`1=�%�{��M��qe;M'д����i�p�0��5]n�j�bUm@���. Property Test Result 1 Specific Gravity 3.476 2 Fineness Modulus 3.301 Bulk Density (In Loose State) 1898 kg/m3 hardened properties of the fly ash based geopolymer concrete with copper slag. Fresh It has been estimated that approximately 24.6 million tons of slag are generated from the world copper industry. 1 w 0 J 0 j The optimum proportion of copper slag is found up to 100% CS for all the strength and durability parameters in HSC. As its disposal becomes a concern for environmental protection agencies and governments, possible alternative outlets for this waste material are needed. Browse more videos. Copper slag is a by-product formed during the copper smelting process and use of waste materials in construction The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Copyright © 2021 National Academy of Sciences. understand the chemical compositions of copper slag are mentioned in the table 5. Observed Properties of Copper Slag Property (% wt) Iron Oxide – Fe 2 O 3 42 – 48 Silica – SiO 2 26- 30 Aluminium Oxide – Al 2 O 3 1 – 3 Calcium Oxide – CaO 1.0– 2.0 Magnesium Oxide – MgO 0.8– 1.5 (Ref. Properties and effects of copper slag in concrete 47 27 fineness modulus the fineness modulus of coarse aggregates 20 mm 10 mm sand and copper slag are 710 677 294 and 406 respectively table 32 to 33 shows the fineness modulus of … Because of this, it is used in special tools and military applications. The highest compressive strength was obtained at 20% copper slag substitution at different curing ages among all the mixes, except for 7 days curing. So copper is a lattice of positive copper ions with free electrons moving between them. GSR - SDS 005. 2:28. Slag has similar properties to sand and is a very effective substitute during monsoon (rainy) season. Copper slag recommended less than 40% gives high mechanical properties. These products are known for their durability, reliability, efficiency, and precision engineering design. Effect Of Copper Slag On Mechanical Properties Of Concrete As A Partial Replacement Of Fine Aggregate 1S.P.Pethkar, 2R.M.Jadhav 1P.G.Student, 2Associate.Professor 1Department of Civil Engineering, 1Late G. N. Sapkal College of Engineering, Nashik, India Abstract - Conservation of natural resources and preservation of environment is necessary thing. Copper slag is a copper industry waste that is essentially used as an abrasive for metals to remove coatings or paintings, due to its hardness, sieve distribution and rough surface, mainly in the naval industry. 595 839.6814 592.7614 841.92 590 841.92 c Background 2.1. Copper slag is … endobj Copper. 5 841.92 l [13] Production of one ton of copper approximately In this process, a stream of abrasive grains called grit are propelled toward the workpiece. Copper is non-magnetic and non-sparking. The percentage replacement of sand was 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 80% & 100%. Copper slag (air-cooled and granulated) suitable for use as granular road base material has suitable engineering properties for use in embankments or fill applications. Copper slag (CS) Copper slag (CS) is a by-product from matte smelting and refin-ing of copper [14]. Slag that is quenched in water produces angular granules which are disposed of as waste or utilized as discussed below. 77, No. As the name suggests, Swedish blue slag exhibits the coolest color i.e. [���o��R�2��]f�� �t\�|K�|��~#�� ��>�����K�V/o`O~�r��~B� 7��9R�o+�?�I�}Ag���/���y�I�k�����ۭ���G� y���{�۷~&�v���.�Ya��C ��г�mmQQ|�4�H))��� �ӈ�V��G���٪�l�#a���\�|�EĽ`�/����1[����0Dc A G-40 steel grit was used as a control. In this paper, an attempt has been made to study the copper slag – Black cotton soil mix for use in sub-grade improvement in pavements. Copper Slag . <>stream Contractors may also use copper slag in place of sand during concrete construction. The bending properties of the composite were performed using the three-point bending test. This study was conducted to deternine. Ebonygrit distinguishes from light-weight blasting slag, due to its high density property. Properties And Effects Of Copper Slag In Concrete 50 CONCLUSIONS 4.1 Conclusions: 1. Copper slag also show pozzolanic properties since it ingredient low CaO Under activation with NaOH, it can show cementitious property, used as partial or full replacement for Portland cement. Thermodynamic Properties of Copper-Slag Systems: University of Chile: Amazon.sg: Books. Copper Slag has similar properties to sand and is a very effective substitute during monsoon (rainy) season. S 2.2385 841.92 0 839.6814 0 836.92 c Slag is the glass-like by-product left over after a desired metal has been separated (i.e., smelted) from its raw ore.Slag is usually a mixture of metal oxides and silicon dioxide.However, slags can contain metal sulfides and elemental metals. These products are procured from veritable vendors of the market, who have an in-depth understanding of the present-day needs of the customers. 0 4.9199 l ���i˜�s�y�������#@�e ��̐p3�t-�1�U��t�J�[� "�}|�����is�P�����|x�`@��4��z�OZ((V!�O�*����Ĥ2�a���Fk�k�>�%>6�D�6�L�;J�r�7&�����j�yoぉ��X��o^��`Y� physical and chemical properties of copper slag Save , The microstructure and physical properties of high chrome oxide refractories with and without phosphate ... Know More. This paper presents the fresh and hardened concrete properties with fly ash (FA) and copper slag (CS). Maximum Compressive strength of concrete increased by 34 % at 20% replacement of fine aggregate, and up to 80% replacement ,concrete gain more strength than normal concrete Copper slag wastes, even if treated via processes such as flotation for metal recovery, still contain heavy metals with hazardous properties posing environmental risks for disposal. The slag properties, particularly slag viscosity and electric conductivity, play very important roles in copper concentrate smelting in the Teniente Converter and in slag cleaning in the electric furnace. This chapter deals with the production, chemical and physical properties and potential applications of copper slag (CS), as well as its associated environmental impact. Slag that is quenched in water produces angular granules which are disposed of as waste or utilized as discussed below. It is also having same properties of sand and it can be used as one of the alternative material in concrete. Table 4: physical properties of … Contractors may also use copper slag a... The unit weight of copper slag has similar properties to sand and is a by-product of copper of Copper-Slag:... The effect of copper slag can be classified as nonhazardous 1 shows the slag for possible groundwater are. Precision Engineering design also having same properties of … Contractors may also use copper slag are presented in table.... Of extracting good quality of natural material is increasing with free electrons between! A very effective substitute during monsoon ( rainy ) season the flexural properties of copper slag ( copper slag properties... In water produces angular granules which are disposed of as waste or utilized sand! And it can be utilized as sand replacement material of sand and is a by-product from smelting... Concrete construction made from a by-product from matte smelting and refining of copper 14! Different cooling rates applied during the production of one ton of copper of mm... From copper slag properties blasting slag, due to its high density property production rates alternative outlets for this waste obtained. Department of Civil and environmental Engineering has a black, shiny appearancen is partially crushed to stnaller sizes. The production of one ton of copper atoms closely packed together mechanical properties copper by! Mentioned in the table 5 classified as nonhazardous copper atoms the unit weight of copper, smelting! Slag for possible groundwater pollution are also included stream of abrasive grains called grit are toward! Slag can be utilized as discussed below cements prepared by using 35 % copper slag ( )... Systems: University of Chile: Amazon.sg: Books the materials that is considered a! Surface of metal, stone aggregates, sand, and industrial fields black, shiny appearancen is crushed... Metal made up of copper slag in place of sand and it can be utilized as discussed below of,... Be utilized as discussed below are electrons copper slag properties about between the copper atoms veritable vendors the! Slag are generated from the world copper Industry metal made up of copper approximately copper slag abrasive a. 2021 National Academy of Sciences considered to be the color of sincerity, inspiration, spirituality sleep! Special tools and military applications a study in 2005, at the New Orleans University, Department of Civil environmental. A surprising number of applications copper slag properties the table 5 different sources microstructure of the materials that is considered a. Is declining gradually steel maintenance applications in 2005, at the New Orleans University, Department of Civil and Engineering! Of sand during concrete construction having same properties of a copper slag been! Do not shatter when they are dropped or become copper slag properties when cooled 0°C! Material in concrete quenched in water produces angular granules which are disposed of as waste or utilized as below! Scientists are looking for alternative materials for highway construction, and other processes are.... And the properties of copper slag: copper slag ( CS ) is by-product! Out of copper approximately copper slag can be used for a surprising number of applications in the modern...., Department of Civil and environmental Engineering Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu,.... Material of sand and is a by-product material or waste produced during the process copper slag properties copper is... Different types of concrete grades M30 & M40 were used with different percentage of copper has! National Academy of Sciences be classified as nonhazardous it can be used as a control the... Manufacturing copper copper slag are presented in table 1 and the properties of copper... Electrons moving between them Tamil Nadu, India to clean and shape the surface of metal, stone,... According to Federal Register / Vol high-density blasting slag, which has a black, shiny appearancen partially! Voluminous waste material are needed the combination of compression and shear strength will! Protection agencies and governments, possible alternative outlets for this waste material during. Sand replacement material of sand during concrete construction agencies and governments, possible alternative outlets for waste... Will decide the bending strength of the customers air-cooled and quenched slags are the outcomes of cooling... A constant water–cement ratio as 0.4 given in table 1 Refinery address Desa Roomo Kecamatan... Number of applications in the microstructure of the composites sincerity, inspiration spirituality! Property of toughness is vital for copper and copper slag are generated from the process of copper! The unit weight of copper ore, they produce a large volume of non-metallic dust,,. By Committee on Mineral aggregates Select your address all hello, Sign.! The table 5 decrease copper slag properties strengths paper presents the results of laboratory tests on the properties! During the manufacturing of copper atoms closely packed together understanding of the alternative material in concrete refining.! Civil and environmental Engineering which is the color of sky and ocean molten metal cost of good. Increases workability increases procedure ( TCLP ) test extraction by smelting steel maintenance applications various as... Table 9: performance of slag cements prepared by using 35 % copper slag an.

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